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Muhammad Ali Baig

Research Fellow

Areas of Research:

Indian Conventional Warfare and Doctrine, South Asia, and Asia-Pacific.

Mr. Muhammad Ali Baig was serving as a Research Fellow (BPS-18) at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI), Pakistan. He is a Doctoral candidate at the School of Politics and International Relations (SPIR) at Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad, Pakistan. Mr. Baig is a distinguished graduate of National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad, Pakistan. He possesses an M.Phil. in International Relations from NDU with Distinction and a Merit Certificate from the President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. He also holds an M.Sc. in International Relations (Distinction) from NDU. Moreover, he holds master’s degrees in Political Science, English (Linguistics and Literature), and History. He co-authored the book Realism and Exceptionalism in U.S. Foreign Policy: From Kissinger to Kerry (2020). He also writes for The Nation, Daily Times, Pakistan Observer, Pakistan Today, Global Village Space, and Hilal Magazine. He can be contacted at and

Scopus Author ID:   57214911280

Web of Science Researcher ID: AAI-4298-2020

Semantics Scholar ID: 50028790


Google Scholar:





Research Publications

  1. “China’s People’s Liberation Army: Restructuring and Modernization,” Open Military Studies 2, no. 1 (2022). (De Gruyter).
  2. “Full Electric Vehicles: History, Concept, Operation, and Potential Impact on the Economy, Environment, and Daily Life,” International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development 13, no. 1 (2022). (Scopus).
  3. “Balkanization of Baluchistan: Road to rivalry between China and the U.S. in the neo-realist perspective,” Comparative Strategy 40, no. 6 (2021). (Routledge – Taylor & Francis).
  1. “The Pashtuns use Suicide Bombing as a Military Operation in Afghanistan and Pakistan,” Otoritas: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan 11, no. 2 (2021). (Web of Science).
  1. “The Latent Operational Sway of Modern Indian Conventional Weapons on the Armed Forces of Pakistan,” Global Strategic and Security Studies Review 6, no. 4 (2021).
  1. Global Pandemic Covid-19: Economic and Political Fallouts for China in The Role of Intelligence and State Policies in International Security (Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2021). (Web of Science).
  1. “Brexit: Analysing Britain’s Political and Geostrategic Considerations,” Cogent Social Sciences 7, no.1 (2021). (Routledge – Taylor & Francis)
  1. Deconstructing India’s Maritime Narrative: Strategic Ramifications for China and Pakistan in India’s Relations with Neighbours: Cooperation or Confrontation? (Islamabad, Pakistan: Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad, 2021).
  1. “India’s Indigenization and Modernization of Defence and Military Technology: Strategic Ramifications for Pakistan,” Global International Relations Review 1, no. 1 (2018).
  1. “The Defence Needs of Azerbaijani Armed Forces for Peace, Security, and Stability,” Open Military Studies 1, no. 1 (2021). (De Gruyter).
  1. Artificial Intelligence: Exploring the Potential in Enhancing the Safety and Security of Nuclear Reactors in Security Issues in the Context of Political Violence and Terrorism of the 21st Century (Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2021). (Web of Science).
  2. “Cold Start – Hot Stop? A Strategic Concern for Pakistan,” NDU Journal 34, (2020).
  1. “Why the Rising China Needs Alliances,” Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, DOI:10.1177/2057891120965712 (SAGE Publishers).
  1. “Redefining Terrorism: An Offshoot of Military Strategy,” IPRI Journal 20, no. 1 (Winter 2020). (Web of Science)
  1. “Hitler’s Downfall and the Collapse of the Thousand Years Reich: Multi Fronts and Incapable Allies,” Open Military Studies 1, no. 1 (2020). (De Gruyter).
  1. “Trump’s False ‘Realism’,” International Bulletin of Political Psychology 20, no. 1 (2020).
  1. “Conventional Military Doctrines and U.S.-China Military Engagement in the West Pacific,” China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies 5, no. 3 (2019). (Web of Science)
  1. Realism and Exceptionalism in U.S. Foreign Policy: From Kissinger to Kerry (Riga, Latvia: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2020).
  1. “An Analysis of North Korean Cyber Warfare Capabilities and Impact on USFK and USINDOPACOM,” Journal of Cyber Security Technology 3, no. 4 (2019). (Routledge – Taylor & Francis).
  1. “Exceptionalism in US Foreign Policy: A Case Study of ISIS,” IPRI Journal 19, no. 1 (Winter 2019). (Web of Science)
  1. “Shock and Awe – Rapid Dominance: Foundations and its Possible Execution Against North Korea,” Asian Profile 47, no. 3 (September 2019).
  1. “A Comparative Study of Blitzkrieg and Cold Start Doctrine: Lessons and Countermeasures for Pakistan,” IPRI Journal 18, no. 1 (Winter 2018). (Web of Science)
  1. “Globalization and its Socio-Economic Impact on Pakistan,” Global Foreign Policies Review 1, no. 1 (2018).
  1. Review of The Third Option for the South China Sea: The Political Economy of Regional Conflict and Cooperation, by David Jay Green. Journal of Contemporary Studies 5, no. 2 (Winter 2016).


South China Morning Post

News GD (Guangdong, China)


Issue Brief on “The Persecution of Yasin Malik and the Future of Gandhism in...

On May 25, 2022, the Indian National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Judge Parveen Singh sentenced the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front’s (JKLF) Chief Yasin...

Issue Brief on “Accident or an Attack: India’s Missile Landed in Pakistan”

Introduction On March 9, 2022, around 6:50pm in the evening, an Indian projectile flying at supersonic speed landed near Mian Channu, in the Pakistani province...

Issue Brief on “Muskan & Allahu Akbar: The Fortitude of an Indian Girl”

Introduction On February 8, 2022, a young Muslim girl named as Muskan Khan, became a symbol of heroism and courage as she stood her ground...

Issue Brief on “The Post-Truth India: Shahrukh Khan at Lata Mangeshkar’s Funeral”

Introduction Did Bollywood superstar Shahrukh Khan spit at Lata Mangeshkar’s funeral? This is the question grabbing headlines in India nowadays. The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party...

Report – Round Table on “Commemorating Kashmiris’ Right to Self-Determination Day”

To remind the world of the promise made to the Kashmiri people 73 years ago on January 5, 1949, the India Study Centre (ISC) at the...

Issue Brief on “Two Years of Tyranny: Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir after...

On August 5, 2019, the Republic of India under the right-wing Hindutva-driven premiership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi revoked the Articles 370 and 35A of the...

Report – Seminar “Commemorating the Black Day: India’s Plunder of Jammu and Kashmir”

The India Study Centre (ISC) at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI) in collaboration with National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad organized the Seminar on Commemorating...

Issue Brief on “Shaheed Syed Ali Shah Geelani: An Ovation”

After relentlessly struggling and fighting against the Indian occupying forces for more than half a century, on the night of September 1, 2021, the...

Report – Book Launch “India’s Relations with Neighbours: Cooperation or Confrontation?”

The India Study Centre (ISC) at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI) organized the launching ceremony of its flagship project, i.e., the Book Launch of...

Issue Brief on “Modi’s (Partial) Kashmir Conference: Little Hope and More Fears”

On June 24, 2021, the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi had a meeting with the partial and selected pro-India political leadership of the Indian Illegally Occupied...