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Muhammad Ali Baig

Research Fellow

Areas of Research:

Indian Conventional Warfare and Doctrine, South Asia, and Asia-Pacific.

Mr. Muhammad Ali Baig was serving as a Research Fellow (BPS-18) at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI), Pakistan. He is a Doctoral candidate at the School of Politics and International Relations (SPIR) at Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad, Pakistan. Mr. Baig is a distinguished graduate of National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad, Pakistan. He possesses an M.Phil. in International Relations from NDU with Distinction and a Merit Certificate from the President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. He also holds an M.Sc. in International Relations (Distinction) from NDU. Moreover, he holds master’s degrees in Political Science, English (Linguistics and Literature), and History. He co-authored the book Realism and Exceptionalism in U.S. Foreign Policy: From Kissinger to Kerry (2020). He also writes for The Nation, Daily Times, Pakistan Observer, Pakistan Today, Global Village Space, and Hilal Magazine. He can be contacted at and

Scopus Author ID:   57214911280

Web of Science Researcher ID: AAI-4298-2020

Semantics Scholar ID: 50028790


Google Scholar:





Research Publications

  1. “China’s People’s Liberation Army: Restructuring and Modernization,” Open Military Studies 2, no. 1 (2022). (De Gruyter).
  2. “Full Electric Vehicles: History, Concept, Operation, and Potential Impact on the Economy, Environment, and Daily Life,” International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development 13, no. 1 (2022). (Scopus).
  3. “Balkanization of Baluchistan: Road to rivalry between China and the U.S. in the neo-realist perspective,” Comparative Strategy 40, no. 6 (2021). (Routledge – Taylor & Francis).
  1. “The Pashtuns use Suicide Bombing as a Military Operation in Afghanistan and Pakistan,” Otoritas: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan 11, no. 2 (2021). (Web of Science).
  1. “The Latent Operational Sway of Modern Indian Conventional Weapons on the Armed Forces of Pakistan,” Global Strategic and Security Studies Review 6, no. 4 (2021).
  1. Global Pandemic Covid-19: Economic and Political Fallouts for China in The Role of Intelligence and State Policies in International Security (Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2021). (Web of Science).
  1. “Brexit: Analysing Britain’s Political and Geostrategic Considerations,” Cogent Social Sciences 7, no.1 (2021). (Routledge – Taylor & Francis)
  1. Deconstructing India’s Maritime Narrative: Strategic Ramifications for China and Pakistan in India’s Relations with Neighbours: Cooperation or Confrontation? (Islamabad, Pakistan: Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad, 2021).
  1. “India’s Indigenization and Modernization of Defence and Military Technology: Strategic Ramifications for Pakistan,” Global International Relations Review 1, no. 1 (2018).
  1. “The Defence Needs of Azerbaijani Armed Forces for Peace, Security, and Stability,” Open Military Studies 1, no. 1 (2021). (De Gruyter).
  1. Artificial Intelligence: Exploring the Potential in Enhancing the Safety and Security of Nuclear Reactors in Security Issues in the Context of Political Violence and Terrorism of the 21st Century (Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2021). (Web of Science).
  2. “Cold Start – Hot Stop? A Strategic Concern for Pakistan,” NDU Journal 34, (2020).
  1. “Why the Rising China Needs Alliances,” Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, DOI:10.1177/2057891120965712 (SAGE Publishers).
  1. “Redefining Terrorism: An Offshoot of Military Strategy,” IPRI Journal 20, no. 1 (Winter 2020). (Web of Science)
  1. “Hitler’s Downfall and the Collapse of the Thousand Years Reich: Multi Fronts and Incapable Allies,” Open Military Studies 1, no. 1 (2020). (De Gruyter).
  1. “Trump’s False ‘Realism’,” International Bulletin of Political Psychology 20, no. 1 (2020).
  1. “Conventional Military Doctrines and U.S.-China Military Engagement in the West Pacific,” China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies 5, no. 3 (2019). (Web of Science)
  1. Realism and Exceptionalism in U.S. Foreign Policy: From Kissinger to Kerry (Riga, Latvia: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2020).
  1. “An Analysis of North Korean Cyber Warfare Capabilities and Impact on USFK and USINDOPACOM,” Journal of Cyber Security Technology 3, no. 4 (2019). (Routledge – Taylor & Francis).
  1. “Exceptionalism in US Foreign Policy: A Case Study of ISIS,” IPRI Journal 19, no. 1 (Winter 2019). (Web of Science)
  1. “Shock and Awe – Rapid Dominance: Foundations and its Possible Execution Against North Korea,” Asian Profile 47, no. 3 (September 2019).
  1. “A Comparative Study of Blitzkrieg and Cold Start Doctrine: Lessons and Countermeasures for Pakistan,” IPRI Journal 18, no. 1 (Winter 2018). (Web of Science)
  1. “Globalization and its Socio-Economic Impact on Pakistan,” Global Foreign Policies Review 1, no. 1 (2018).
  1. Review of The Third Option for the South China Sea: The Political Economy of Regional Conflict and Cooperation, by David Jay Green. Journal of Contemporary Studies 5, no. 2 (Winter 2016).


South China Morning Post

News GD (Guangdong, China)


Issue Brief on “Decoding Modi’s Partition Horrors Remembrance Day”

Introduction On August 14, 2021, the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced for the first time to celebrate the day each year as the Partition...

Issue Brief on “India’s 76 billion USD Defence Budget”

Introduction India’s defence budget for the Fiscal Year 2022-2023 is likely to be around 80 billion USD, surpassing that of the United Kingdom and Russia....

Report – Seminar “August 5, 2019- An Assault on Kashmiri Identity”

The India Study Centre (ISC) at the Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad (ISSI) organized a seminar titled “August 5, 2019- An Assault on Kashmiri...

Issue Brief on “Analysing the First I2U2 Summit”

Introduction On July 14, 2022, the first virtual summit of leaders of the United States (U.S.), United Arab Emirates (UAE), Israel, and India was held...

Issue Brief on “LEMOA, COMCASA, and BECA in India’s Foreign Calculus”

Introduction Apparently, the cornerstone of Indo-American relations is defence and strategic cooperation. It is interesting to note that defence cooperation was the first area where...

Issue Brief on “Analysing the Fourth Annual U.S.-India 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue”

Introduction On April 11, 2022, the External Affairs Minister and Defence Minister of India met with the Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense of...

Issue Brief on “Operation Blue Star and Contemporary Indian Sikhs”

Introduction The June 1984 was one of the grimmest times in India’s Pre-Modi history. During that time, Sikhs of India were subjected to all elements...

Issue Brief on “The 4th QUAD Summit: Key Takeaways”

The 4th Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) Summit took place on May 24, 2022, in Tokyo, Japan. It was the 4th one in line with...

Issue Brief on “China-Solomon Islands Security Deal: Implications for India”

On March 24, 2022, Reuters reported that China and the Solomon Islands were considering signing a bilateral security agreement. It was officially signed on...

Issue Brief on “The Recent Anti-Muslim Violence in India”

Introduction April 2, 2022, marked the first day of the Hindu New Year and to rejoice the religious festivities; nonetheless, a traumatic communal incident occurred...