Critical Issues Facing South Asia: Politics, Security and Non-Traditional Challenges



Amidst the geopolitical and technological evolution at the regional and global level, South Asian countries remain entangled in multiple issues, stymieing the prospects of South Asia emerging as an integrated region. Against that backdrop, it is a real pleasure to introduce the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI)’s latest publication, Critical Issues Facing South Asia: Political, Security and Non-Traditional Challenges. This book, a collection of insightful papers authored by young experts from Pakistan, illustrates the dedication as well as innovative andforward-looking work of the Institute’s India Study Centre (ISC).

In today’s rapidly evolving geopolitical landscape, the voices of the youth are often obscured; yet their perspectives are indispensable for a holistic understanding of contemporary issues. The initiative to engage young scholars in this discourse not only underscores the importance of inclusivity in the policy process but also highlights the innovative and futuristic approach that is vital for addressing the region’s complex challenges. Engaging the youth more deeply is also a part of the ISSI’s new vision.

South Asia stands at a critical juncture, grappling with a myriad of political, security, and non-traditional challenges including inter-state conflict, terrorism, and misunderstanding of the usage of Artificial Intelligence. Recent developments have underscored both the volatility and dynamism inherent in the region. This book provides an in-depth analysis of a range of such challenges, offering fresh insights and innovative solutions from the perspectives of young scholars and experts. The geopolitical manoeuvring by major powers, often referred to as the “New Great Game,” adds another layer of complexity to South Asia’s security dynamics. The book highlights the role of major powers, including the U.S., China and Russia, in shaping the geopolitical landscape of South Asia. This influence is closely linked with India’s astro-politics, where space endeavours have become a new frontier for strategic competition. The implications of India’s space policies for regional security, especially for Pakistan, highlight the importance of both competition and potential cooperation in this emerging domain.

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