“It is inevitable that struggles which involve the very existence of peoples have had and will continue to have, as long and as often as they are repeated, a profound effect upon the nature of men, their attitudes and institutions,” noted Robert Park, a famous American sociologist, in his 1941 article ‘The Social Function of War.’ The present-day situation in Afghanistan echoes the observation.
The withdrawal of the US-led forces without establishing a sustainable governance system in Afghanistan has created an uncertain situation. The Taliban takeover has so far been peaceful and well-administered. They will need international recognition and support. The uncertain situation can either become chaotic or lead to an unprecedented sovereign era of development.