Issue Brief on “Gaza’s Environmental Challenge”


The Gaza Strip has been a theatre of conflict for the past many decades. Gaza is a narrow self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, which borders Israel to the east and north and Egypt to the south. The strip has been a scene of deadliest violence between Israel and the Palestinians for decades.

 Initially occupied by Israel till 2005, the control of Gaza was taken over by Hamas who won the elections there. However, the daily cycle of violence that has engulfed Gaza since the disengagement of Israel in 2005 has been repetitive, with an almost daily exchange of rockets, and at least three major military offensives by Israel since 2005 against this tiny isolated, extremely poor and densely populated Palestinian enclave. Gaza has also been termed as the largest virtual prison on earth.

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