ON July 15, the Pakistan military announced it had shot down an Indian spy drone in Bhimber, Azad Kashmir. This response seemed to have triggered a series of border skirmishes along the working boundary and the Line of Control.
Pakistan filed a complaint with UNMOGIP, the UN body responsible for observing violations of the ceasefire line. India, however, no longer recognises UNMOGIP’s mandate: it has repeatedly argued that UNMOGIP’s authority ended when the Simla Agreement entered into force in 1972. This treaty is well known for its focus on bilateral relations.