Saudi-backed Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi government and the Southern Transitional Council (STC) supported by the United Arab Emirates signed a power-sharing agreement on November 5, 2019. The agreement known as the Riyadh Agreement provides for sharing of power between north and south Yemen and the return of Prime Minister Moeen Abdelmalek to Aden. The agreement which includes three annexes on political, military and economic issues, was signed at a ceremony in Riyadh in the presence of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Yemeni President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan.
Yemen has been in a state of war for over four and half years and the situation in the country is considered as one of the worst humanitarian crisis in recent history. Previously, in December 2018, the Stockholm Agreement was signed in order to settle the dispute between the conflicting parties, but unfortunately nothing much has been achieved so far. This agreement failed to achieve any effective results and only had a “limited impact” in facilitating the operations of international aid organizations in the country.