The terrorist incidents in January 2016, especially the attack on Bacha Khan University in Charsadda, have shocked the people of Pakistan, who thought that terrorism was now under control. It seems that the Pakistani Taliban and their allies, dislodged from North Waziristan by Operation Zarb-e-Azb, have regrouped in Afghanistan and Pakistan to challenge our state and society. The resurgence of terrorist activity calls for a review of counterterrorism and counter-insurgency policies since the launch of Operation Zarb-e-Azb in North Waziristan on June 15, 2014. Earlier in February 2014, the first comprehensive National Internal Security Policy (NISP) was announced. After the terrorist attack on the Army Public School, the National Action Plan (NAP) comprising 20 points was announced to cope with extremism and terrorism. The key questions are how far these measures helped to contain terrorism and do these measures now need updating and revision?