Issue Brief on “A Look at the Key Happenings at COP28”


The UAE hosted COP28 from November 30 to December 12, 2023, at Expo City Dubai to unite the world towards agreement on bold, practical, and ambitious solutions to the most pressing global challenge at this time. The first Global Stocktake (GST) provided a comprehensive assessment of progress since adopting the Paris Agreement. This helped COP28 to align the efforts on climate action, including measures that needed to be put in place to bridge the gaps in progress.[1]

COP28 marked the first GST, during which the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) evaluated the combined endeavours and accomplishments in mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and addressing the challenges posed by climate change. Prepared in advance of the COP28, the written technical report indicated that the current trajectory fell short of achieving these objectives. This evaluation established the foundation for deliberations and conversations during COP28. After appraising the advancement toward the objectives outlined in the Paris Agreement, the UNFCCC engaged in discussions to formalize its initial GST agreement during COP28. This accord offers the UNFCCC a chance to realign its efforts in pursuit of climate-related initiatives, establishing fresh targets and objectives to fulfil the goals outlined in the Paris Agreement.[2]

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