Issue Brief on “COP26: Key Takeaways”


The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, more commonly referred to as COP26, was the 26th United Nations Climate Change conference, held at the SEC Centre in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom (UK), from October 31 to November 13, 2021. The president of the conference was UK cabinet minister Alok Sharma. Before the beginning of COP26, around 154 parties had submitted their updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These NDCs represented almost 80 % of the global emissions covering almost 90 % of the world’s net-zero targets.[1]

Key Takeaways:

  • COP26 is the first-ever conference to agree on phasing down coal, responsible for about 40% of annual CO2 emissions. It agreed to cut methane emissions by 30%. Methane has more than 80 times the warming power of carbon dioxide and is responsible for about a third of the global temperature increase.

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