Issue Brief on “Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Discord Between Ethiopia and Egypt”


The longstanding conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has intensified recently. Ethiopia is building a hydropower project on Nile’s tributary which is ringing alarm bells for Egypt due to its great dependence on the downstream waters of the river.[1]

To settle the issue between countries, in month of February 2020 United States along with the World Bank drafted a proposal with reference to the filling and construction of this dam.[2] Core objective of the proposal was to settle issues related to the annual release of water from Nile through the dam to downstream countries such as Egypt and Sudan; filling of the reservoir and operation of the GERD.[3]

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