Islamic State (IS) in Afghanistan is commonly known as the Khorasan Chapter which declared itself functional in January 2015 and was the first ISIS branch outside the Arab World. The presence of ISIS in Afghanistan does not mean that the fighters from Middle East migrated to Afghanistan to expand their terrorists activities. However, it is composed of splinter groups expelled from the Taliban, and has a growing presence in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
The Islamic State currently boasts thousands of fighters and supporters in Afghanistan. The arrival of ISIS in Afghanistan and its expansion on the scene through splinter militants groups is intensifying the race of violent extremism and militancy among radical Jihadist groups throughout South and Central Asia.