Issue Brief on “NATO Vilnius Summit 2023”


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)’s Vilnius Summit took place in the backdrop of 500 days of raging military conflict on the European continent. Something that was initially considered to be short-lived, has continued for nearly 18 months with still no end in sight.

Since the start of the conflict in February 2022, the Vilnius Summit is the Alliance’s fourth Summit meeting. Several internal as well as external issues were discussed that had previously been a bone of contention within the Alliance. The unity of the Alliance was repeatedly questioned by several experts and observors. The Vilnius Summit has addressed these concerns to some extent.

The Summit was attended by the Heads of State and Heads of Government of 31 countries including NATO member states and partners like Ukraine, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Moreover, representatives of the inter-governmental organizations also attended. The venue of the Summit, the capital of Lithuania, signifies the importance of NATO’s eastern flank security.[1]

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