Issue Brief on “Pakistan’s Water Woes”


Water security has a direct impact on human security. It is a multidimensional challenge with complex undertones, as water security is both an increasing concern as well as critical for sustainable development. The reduced access to fresh water has far reaching consequences which include reduced food production, loss of livelihood options, and increased economic and geopolitical tensions, especially in volatile regions like South Asia. The problem is exacerbated due to poor water management and governance amidst changing demographics.[1]

Over the last decades, exacerbating climate change and rising population demands have intensified water stress globally. This situation is particularly of concern in South Asia, home to 1.9 billion people. Pakistan is poised to be most directly impacted by the shifting climate and water patterns. Climate-induced water insecurity is already creating significant socio-economic and development challenges for Pakistan.[2]

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