Issue Brief on “U.S. Aid and Assistance to Israel post-October 7, 2023”

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In the aftermath of the Hamas attack of October 7, 2023, the Biden Administration announced its support to Israel in the form of a $105 billion national security package that included military and humanitarian assistance for Israel and Ukraine. Out of $105 billion, $14.3 billion — as supplementary funding — was meant to provide security support to Israel, release of hostages, a humanitarian aid to Israel and Gaza,[1] replenish Israel’s stockpile of interceptors for its Iron Dome missile-defence system, artillery shells, and other munitions. The assistance further included support for air and missile defense, investments in the industrial base, and replenishment of U.S. stocks used to aid Israel. This aid intended to improve Israel’s readiness in air and missile defence systems and help with the procurement and development of various missile defence components. Additionally, $3.7 billion in aid and assistance continued under the Ten Year Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. and Israel enhancing Israel’s military capabilities and security, while approximately $3.3 billion aid is given to Israel every year to purchase arms from the U.S. and Israeli companies.

More recently, in April 2024, the Biden Administration approved an additional $95 billion assistance package for Israel, Ukraine, and Taiwan. Out of this package, $26 billion would go to Israel[2] and $9.15 billion in humanitarian assistance to Gaza and the West Bank, along with Ukraine.

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