String of Pearls and China’s Emerging Strategic Culture

Abstract

This research paper focuses on the strategic culture of China in the 21st century and establishes a link with the Chinese ‘String of Pearls’ strategy. The article explores the relevant literature and develops an empirical premise that China’s contemporary strategic culture is still defensive, in line with it past practices. However, after the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Beijing’s strategic culture is more focused on its defence preparedness as ‘String of Pearls’ is aimed at establishing the maritime Silk Road along the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). The paper also briefly discusses China’s importance on developing partnerships and economic relations with different regions like Asia, the Middle East, Europe and America to show its peaceful rise and defensive strategic culture.

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