ISIS/ISIL: The Islamic State Exposed, the Dangerous Truth You Need to Know: Origins & Ideals, Islamic Extremist Terrorism in Iraq and Syria. Darrell D. Culbertson. USA: Lexington, 2015. Pp. 123.

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ISIS/ISIL: The Islamic State Exposed, the Dangerous Truth You Need to Know: Origins & Ideals, Islamic Extremist Terrorism in Iraq and Syria. Darrell D. Culbertson. USA: Lexington, 2015. Pp. 123.

 Malik Qasim Mustafa

The Jihadist group, Islamic State (IS), Da’aesh in Arabic, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), surfaced on the international scene in June 2014 when it captured the Iraqi city of Mosul and rapidly made military advances in Northern Iraq and Eastern Syria. The IS has developed into a dangerous organisation which is destabilising the Middle Eastern region. Despite efforts, key regional players and major international powers are unable to root out IS from the Middle East.

Against this backdrop, Darrell D. Culbertson in his book titled ISIS/ISIL: The Islamic State Exposed, the Dangerous Truth You Need to Know: Origins & Ideals, Islamic Extremist Terrorism in Iraq and Syria has made an attempt to put forward some solutions to confront the IS threat. The author asserts that in foreseeable future, IS is going to expand its influence, and it cannot be contained if regional and international players do not clearly understand IS. He has tried to expose IS in terms of its evolution and development of its ideology; its success and expansion of its influence; its atrocities and status of Caliphate; its revenue streams; its propaganda machine; and its impact on the stability of the Middle East.

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