Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrialisation to the Globalisation of Democracy. Francis Fukuyama. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2014. Pp. 658.


Democracy promotes globalisation and human societies have much transformed since Greek philosophers floated ideas of political order. Since then, political thinking has had a perpetual influence over societies. This process has kept evolving as thought is not static, but like a living organism. Ever since the time of classical Greek political thinkers, Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato, political scientists have been debating on the nature of political philosophy and order. Plato’s The Republic was the major breakthrough in this regard that has provided the formulation of political deliberation and order. In modern times, democracy evolved as a political concept in Europe with a heated debate that first emerged in Britain and France against oligarchy and monarchy and the existing absolute order was replaced by public participation and representation. Then it influenced the rest of Europe and their colonies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The world has changed much after World War II, but the debate has continued to refine the world order.

Read More